Using a Separate Source Root for Integration Tests

#sdlc #java #programming #gradle

In Java if we apply the java plugin we get two source roots - main and test to write our main code and all our tests. It’s often useful to have a separate directory for integration tests instead of using some sort of tagging or file naming convention to run those different suites.

Let’s do that!

First, create the directory

To start with, create a new directory called integration under src directory. The name can be anything, but whatever you name it, make sure to change integration to that name in all the subsequent steps.

Your IDE will show this as a normal directory without any special treatment. We will see how to fix that later.

Second, mark it as source root

If you create a Java file in that directory, it won’t compile. We need to inform Gradle that this is a valid source root, and not just that, we should be able use classes from our main source root. (Well how will you test otherwise?).

Add these lines to your build.gradle:

sourceSets {
    integration {
        compileClasspath += sourceSets.main.output
        runtimeClasspath += sourceSets.main.output

Third, reuse the dependencies

At least it won’t crib about your classes. But what about any dependency that your are already using? Google Guava? Apache Commons? Spring Framework? Add this piece of code to achieve that:

configurations {
    integrationImplementation.extendsFrom implementation
    integrationRuntimeOnly.extendsFrom runtimeOnly

After this step, you should be able to run and compile your code. But if you run your tests, Gradle will say that it didn’t find any tests.

Fourth, create a integration task

To help Gradle find your tests, we can either modify the existing test task; or we can create a new one. We will create a new one:

tasks.register('integrationTest', Test) {
    description = 'Runs integration tests.'
    group = 'verification'

    // use these classes to find tests
    testClassesDirs = sourceSets.integration.output.classesDirs
    classpath = sourceSets.integration.runtimeClasspath
    shouldRunAfter test


    testLogging {
        events "passed"

Check if tests are running using: ./gradlew integrationTest

Fifth, but optional

If you run ./gradlew integrationTest, your tests should not run. But IntelliJ will not play nice with your new source root. It will assume it’s a source root like the main directory. We can fix that.

apply plugin: 'idea'

idea {
    module {
        // by default it's assumed to be a source directory, we need to remove
        // that and add it as test directory.
        sourceDirs -= file('src/integration/java')
        testSourceDirs += file('src/integration/java')

That’s all is required to create a new test source using Gradle. We can even create new type of test roots using the same method perhaps something for e2e tests? Or we can create new source roots as well!

Last, but not least

Credit where it’s due:

This is my 6th of 100 post in #100daysToOffload.